Zhong Zuo
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1、Contributor

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2、Effect of sodium caprate on the oral absorptions of danshensu and salvianolic acid B

摘要:The current study aims to investigate the effect of sodium caprate on the intestinal absorption and bioavailabilities of danshensu and salvianolic acid B, the major active components in Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge (Danshen). Biopharmaceutics and pharmacokinetics properties of the two compounds have been characterized by in vitro, in situ models as well as in vivo in rats. Based on the identified biopharmaceutics characteristics of the two compounds, effect of sodium carparate as absorption enhancer on the intestinal absorption and pharmacokinetics of danshensu and salvianolic acid B in pure compound form as well as extract form were investigated both in vitro and in vivo. Both danshensu and salvianolic acid B demonstrated very limited intestinal permeabilities, leading to oral bioavailabilities of only 11.09% and 3.90% in rats, respectively. Results from both in vitro and in vivo studies consistently indicated that sodium caprate could significantly enhance intestinal permeabilities as well as the in vivo bioavailabilities of both danshensu and salvianolic acid B. The current findings not only identified the usefulness of sodium caprate for the improved delivery of Danshen product but also demonstrated the importance of biopharmaceutics characterization in the dosage form development of traditional Chinese medicine.
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3、Danshen: An Overview of Its Chemistry, Pharmacology, Pharmacokinetics, and Clinical Use

摘要:Danshen, the dried root of Salvia miltiorrhiza, has been widely used in China and, to a lesser extent, in Japan, the United States, and other European countries for the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. In China, the specific clinical use is angina pectoris, hyperlipidemia, and acute ischemic stroke. The current review covers its traditional uses, chemical constituents, pharmacological activities, pharmacokinetics, clinical applications, and potential herb-drug interactions based on information obtained in both the English and Chinese literature. Although numerous clinical trials have demonstrated that certain Danshen products in China are effective and safe for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, most of these lack sufficient quality. Therefore, large randomized clinical trials and further scientific research to determine its mechanism of actions will be necessary to ensure the safety, effectiveness, and better understanding of its action.
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4、Improved quality control method for Danshen products—Consideration of both hydrophilic and lipophilic active component

摘要:The current study intends to provide an improved quality control analysis for Danshen product—a representative herbal product with known active components that are both hydrophilic and lipophilic in nature. A simple HPLC method with photodiode-array (PDA) ultraviolet detection was developed for the simultaneous determination of three major lipophilic components (cryptotanshinone, tanshinone I and tanshinone IIA) and three major hydrophilic components (danshensu, protocatechuic aldehyde and salvianolic acid B) of Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza). These six components were successfully separated using Radial-pak C18 cartridge with the elution gradient consisting of 0.5% acetic acid in water and 0.5% acetic acid in acetonitrile at a flow rate of 1 ml/min. The intra-day and inter-day precisions of the analysis were within 2.32 and 2.0%, respectively. The detection limits were 0.02, 0.01, 0.01, 0.05, 0.005 and 0.02 μg/ml for cryptotanshinone, tanshinone I, tanshinone IIA, danshensu, protocatechuic aldehyde and salvianolic acid B, respectively. The developed method has been applied to the simultaneous determination of above six major components in Fufang Danshen Tablet and Dripping Pill products by extraction with methanol and water. It has been demonstrated that salvianolic acid B and danshensu are the major components among the eight commercial Fufang Danshen products studied. The current developed method with methanol as extraction solvent provides a simple and efficient method for simultaneous detection of both lipophilic and hydrophilic major components in Danshen products.
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