Makoto Takahashi
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1、Graphic analysis of microscopic tumor cell infiltration, proliferative potential, and vascular endothelial growth factor expression in an autopsy brain with glioblastoma

摘要:BACKGROUND Growth of brain tumors requires tumor-cell attachment to adjacent structures, degradation of surrounding matrixes, migration of tumor cells, proliferation of vasculature, and tumor cell proliferation. Comparison of the findings on neuroimaging, degrees and patterns of tumor invasion, regional tumor cell viability detected by Ki-67 immunohistochemistry, and regional vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in whole-brain specimen of glioblastoma therefore is of great interest, and will facilitate study of the host reaction against the glioblastoma. METHODS We graphically analyzed microscopic tumor-cell infiltration, regional differences in Ki-67 labeling indices (LI), and immunohistochemical expression of VEGF in an autopsy brain with glioblastoma. RESULTS Glioblastoma cells infiltrated the brain far beyond the gross limits of the tumor and the areas with high signal intensity on T2-weighted magnetic resonance images. A wide range of histologic malignancy was apparent from hematoxylin-eosin staining and the Ki-67 labeling indices. VEGF was highly expressed in normal astrocytes located outside the tumor. CONCLUSION Graphic analysis of histologic and immunohistochemical patterns is a useful method of investigating the mechanisms of glioma growth, tumor cell infiltration in the brain, and the host reaction of the brain against neoplasms.
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2、Influences of trunk flexion on mechanical energy flow in the lower extremities during gait

3、Excitability changes in human hand motor area induced by voluntary teeth clenching are dependent on muscle propertie

摘要:To investigate whether the early effects of voluntary teeth clenching (VTC) among the first dorsal interosseous (FDI), abductor digiti minimi (ADM), and abductor pollicis brevis (APB) muscles are differently modulated depending on their muscle properties, we examined the responses of motor evoked potentials (MEPs) elicited by transcranial magnetic stimulation with selected current directions and by brainstem magnetic stimulation (BMS). Although MEP responses with anterior-medially current direction (preferentially elicited I1-waves) were facilitated in all three muscles, those responses with posterior-laterally current direction (preferentially elicited I3-waves) were different among FDI, ADM, and APB muscles. That is, MEP responses in FDI and APB muscles were significantly reduced, whereas those responses in ADM muscle were not significantly reduced. Further, inhibitory effects of VTC in FDI muscle were more potent than those in ADM or APB muscles. On the other hand, the responses to BMS were unchanged by VTC in all three muscles, suggesting that the modulations of MEP were attributed to the cortical origin. On the basis of our previous findings that the inhibitory connections in FDI muscle are more potent than those in ADM muscle (Takahashi et al. in Clin Neurophysiol 116:2757-2764, 2005), the cortical effects of VTC among three hand muscles are differently modulated, depending on muscle properties, presumably the extents of inhibitory connections to corticospinal tract neurons. Considering that the functional capacity in FDI muscle is higher than that in ADM or APB muscles, the cortical inhibitory effect of VTC might contribute to the sophisticated regulation of the motor outputs even during VTC.
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4、A study of survival in patients with stomach cancer treated by a combination of preoperative intra-arterial infusion therapy and surgery

5、Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings in Cerebral Fat Embolism: Correlation with Clinical Manifestation

6、In vitro sensitivity test of stomach cancer tissues by the use of metal grid method