摘要：During recent years, hyperspectral imaging systems have been widely applied in the greenhouses for plant phenotyping purposes. Current systems are typically designed as either top view or side view imaging mode. Top view is an ideal imaging angle for top leaves with flat leaf surfaces. However, most bottom leaves are either blocked or shaded. From side view, the entire plant structure is viewable. However, most leaf surfaces are not facing the camera, which impacts measurement quality. Besides, there could be advantages with certain tilted angle(s) between top view and side view. It’s interesting to explore the impact of different imaging angles to the phenotyping quality. For this purpose, a swing hyperspectral imaging system capable of capturing images at any angle from side view (0°) to top view (90°) by rotating the camera and the lighting source was designed. Corn plants were grown and allocated into 3 different treatments: high nitrogen (N) and well-watered (control), high N and drought-stressed, and low N and well-watered. Each plant was imaged at 7 different angles from 0° to 90° with an interval of 15°. The soil plant analysis development (SPAD) values and relative water content (RWC) ground truth measurements were used to establish treatment effects. The results showed that averaged plant-level Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) values of plants in different treatments changed at different imaging angles. The results also indicated that for pixel-level NDVI distributions, the titled imaging angle of 75° was optimal to distinguish different water treatments, whereas, the tilted imaging angle of 15° was optimal to distinguish different N treatments. For pixel-level RWC distributions, the distribution difference between different water treatments was larger at higher imaging angles.