Sihua Qi (PhD)
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1、Electrocardiographic Abnormalities Predict Adverse Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

摘要:Background: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of a large sample to assess whether electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities are independently associated with the occurrence of neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE), delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI), and in-hospital death after nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH).Methods: In this retrospective observational study, patients who were admitted within 72 hours of SAH symptom onset between 2013 and 2015 were enrolled. Twelve-lead ECG findings obtained within 72 hours after SAH and the presence of NPE, DCI, and in-hospital death were collected based on the results reported in the medical records.Results: We included 834 patients. NPE occurred in 192 patients (23%). The median delay from SAH onset to NPE was 3 days (interquartile range [IQR]: 5 days). DCI occurred in 223 patients (27%; median delay to DCI, 4 days; IQR: 5 days). In total, 141 patients (17%) died in the hospital (median time to death, 12 days; IQR: 18 days). The frequency of ECG abnormalities for all enrolled patients was 65%. Corrected QT prolongation had an adjusted risk ratio (RR) of 1.5 (1.1-2.2) for NPE and 1.8 (1.3-2.4) for DCI. ST depression had an adjusted RR of 3.0 (1.2-7.5) for in-hospital death. NSSTTCs (nonspecific ST- or T-wave changes) had an adjusted RR of 2.7 (1.8-4.2) for NPE, 2.8 (1.9-4.3) for DCI, and 2.2 (1.3-3.5) for in-hospital death. All RRs were adjusted for age and Hunt-Hess scores.Conclusions: ECG abnormalities assessed within 72 hours after SAH using a standard 12-lead ECG are independently associated with an increased risk of adverse clinical outcomes in patients with nontraumatic SAH.
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2、Cardiac Troponin Elevation and Outcome after Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysi

摘要:Background: Cardiac abnormalities frequently occur after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Cardiac troponin (cTn) is a preferred biomarker for the diagnosis of cardiac damage, and the clinical significance of cTn elevation after SAH remains controversial. This meta-analysis was performed to assess the association between cTn elevation and patient outcomes, including delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI), poor outcome (death or dependency), and death in SAH patients.Methods: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched for observational studies reporting an association between cTn elevation and outcome after SAH that were published before December 31, 2014. We extracted data regarding patient characteristics, cTn elevation, and outcome measurements (DCI, poor outcome, or death). Risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using a random-effects model.Results: Twelve studies involving 2214 patients were included in data analysis. Elevation of cTn was observed in 30% of the patients. The cTn elevation was associated with an increased risk of DCI (RR, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.23-1.79), poor outcome (RR, 1.91; 95% CI, 1.51-2.40), and death (RR, 2.53; 95% CI, 2.04-3.12). At the 3- and 12- month follow-ups, cTn elevation was associated with higher rates of DCI (RR, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.11-2.07), poor outcome (RR, 1.91; 95% CI, 1.51-2.40), and death (RR, 2.78; 95% CI, 1.80-4.29). At in-hospital follow-ups, cTn elevation was also associated with the higher rate of death (RR, 2.33; 95% CI, 1.76-3.07).Conclusions: cTn elevation in SAH patients is associated with an increased risk of DCI, poor outcome, and death after SAH.
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