摘要：Previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have revealed seven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that affect lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) activity or levels in American and European individuals. A total of 290 coronary heart disease (CHD) patients, 198 non-CHD patients and 331 unrelated healthy volunteers were recruited for the present case-control study of Han Chinese. Four SNPs (rs964184 of ZNF259, rs7528419 of CELSR2 and rs7756935 and rs1805017 of PLA2G7) were shown to be significantly associated with CHD. The rs964184-G allele of the ZNF259 gene was identified as a risk factor of CHD in females (odds ratio (OR) =1.49, 95% confidence interval (CI) =1.00-2.22, P=0.05). The rs7528419-G allele of the CELSR2 gene was protective against CHD in males (OR=0.48, 95% CI=0.25‑0.93, P=0.04). The other two alleles (rs7756935-C and rs1805017-A) of the PLA2G7 gene acted as protective factors against CHD in females (rs7756935-C: OR=0.59, 95% CI=0.35-1.00, P=0.05; rs1805017-A: OR=0.51, 95% CI=0.28-0.93, P=0.03). Moreover, rs1805017 of the PLA2G7 gene was associated with the severity of CHD only in females (r2=0.02, P=0.04). We identified four Lp-PLA2-associated SNPs significantly associated with CHD in a Han Chinese population. Specifically, rs7528419 was protective factor against CHD in males, while the other two SNPs (rs7756935 and rs1805017 of the PLA2G7 gene) were protective factors against CHD in females and rs964184 of the ZNF259 gene was regarded as a risk factor for CHD in females.