Tao Wang
共找到 27 条论著文献

1、Ecosystem Management

摘要:Ecosystem management is to make adaptive management strategy based on full understanding the process of composition, structure and function of ecological system, and to restore or maintain ecosystem integrity and sustainability. Forest ecosystem management attempts to maintain forest ecosystem complex process, path and the interdependent relationship, and maintaining their function good, for sustainable forest management and forest ecological system, and establishing and developing comprehensive theoretical system of forest ecosystem and sustainable forestry management system and decision support system, method and technology system. Grassland ecosystem is the prairie land biological coupling with its survival in nature. Absorbing new achievements of science and technology, to build and to make the new grazing system unit perfect, and make it as the indispensable important component of modern agriculture. Desert ecosystem management needs to solve problems of harmonious interaction and the sustainable development of river basin, as well as the ecological water requirement of river basin security problems. Desert ecosystem management must adopt comprehensive ecological management measures in the process of management, give attention to utilizationUtilization and protection to optimize economic, social, and environmental benefits. Wetland surface interaction process and the system response, the succession of wetland ecosystemWetland ecosystem and its ecological effect, and the further research of wetland ecosystem function evaluation becomes scientific foundation to explain wetland process route and wetland ecosystem management. Lake ecosystem is affected by human activities. Controlling food chain control of biological on the basis of the classic and nonclassical biological control theory is one of the important measures to control eutrophication in lake. Aquatic plant restoration is also very important in the process of eutrophication in lake. We developed the marine ecosystem management system in China, including ocean space planning and Marine functional zoning planning, Marine nature reserve construction, fishing intensity control and the closed fishing rule, ecological restoration and resource conservation, maintenance management information system construction, and emphasize more on the ocean in terms of ecosystem management in new pattern. Driven by the interests of the market due to the economic benefit and production effect, ecological environmental benefits are neglected in agricultural ecological system. Using the ecology principle 「prevention and control of integrated system」 is the fundamental way for agricultural pest control.
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2、Lost treasures of the ancient world : Ancient India ; Ancient China ; Samurai Japan 2006

3、Disentangling the mechanisms behind winter snow impact on vegetation activity in northern ecosystem 2017

摘要:1 online resource Abstract: Although seasonal snow is recognized as an important component in the global climate system, the ability of snow to affect plant production remains an important unknown for assessing climate change impacts on vegetation dynamics at high‐latitude ecosystems. Here, we compile data on satellite observation of vegetation greenness and spring onset date, satellite‐based soil moisture, passive microwave snow water equivalent (SWE) and climate data to show that winter SWE can significantly influence vegetation greenness during the early growing season (the period between spring onset date and peak photosynthesis timing) over nearly one‐fifth of the land surface in the region north of 30 degrees, but the magnitude and sign of correlation exhibits large spatial heterogeneity. We then apply an assembled path model to disentangle the two main processes (via changing early growing‐season soil moisture, and via changing the growth period) in controlling the impact of winter SWE on vegetation greenness, and suggest that the "moisture" and "growth period" effect, to a larger extent, result in positive and negative snow–productivity associations, respectively. The magnitude and sign of snow–productivity association is then dependent upon the relative dominance of these two processes, with the "moisture" effect and positive association predominating in Central, western North America and Greater Himalaya, and the "growth period" effect and negative association in Central Europe. We also indicate that current state‐of‐the‐art models in general reproduce satellite‐based snow–productivity relationship in the region north of 30 degrees, and do a relatively better job of capturing the "moisture" effect than the "growth period" effect. Our results therefore work towards an improved understanding of winter snow impact on vegetation greenness in northern ecosystems, and provide a mechanistic basis for more realistic terrestrial carbon cycle models that consider the impacts of winter snow processes. Abstract : We apply a path model to disentangle the two main processes (via changing early growing season soil moisture, and via changing the growth period) in controlling the sign and magnitude of winter snow impact on vegetation greenness, and show that the "moisture" and "growth period" effect generally results in positive and negative snow‐productivity correlations, respectively. The positive correlation observed in regions such as Rocky Mountains, western North America and Greater Himalaya is due to the dominance of positive "moisture" effect, and the negative one observed in central Europe is because of the dominance of negative "growth period" effect.
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4、13th International Conference on Conservative Management of Spinal Deformities and First Joint Meeting of the International Research Society on Spinal Deformities and the Society on Scoliosis Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Treatment – SOSORT-IRSSD 2016 me

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5、Patterns and management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in urban and rural China: a community-based survey of 25 000 adults across 10 region

摘要:Introduction : Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death worldwide, with COPD deaths in China accounting for one-third of all such deaths. However, there is limited available evidence on the management of COPD in China.Methods : A random sample of 25 011 participants in the China Kadoorie Biobank, aged 38-87 years, from 10 regions in China was surveyed in 2013-2014. Data were collected using interviewer-administered questionnaires on the diagnosis (『doctor-diagnosed』 or 『symptoms-based』) and management of COPD (including use of medication and other healthcare resources), awareness of diagnosis and severity of symptoms in COPD cases.Results : Overall, 6.3% of the study population were identified as COPD cases (doctor-diagnosed cases: 4.8% and symptom-based cases: 2.4%). The proportion having COPD was higher in men than in women (7.9% vs 5.3%) and varied by about threefold (3.7%-10.0%) across the 10 regions. Among those with COPD, 54% sought medical advice during the last 12 months, but Conclusion : Despite a high prevalence of COPD in China and its substantial impact on activities of daily living, knowledge about COPD and its management were limited.
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6、The angiotensin-I converting enzyme gene I/D variation contributes to end-stage renal disease risk in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes receiving hemodialysi

摘要:Whether the DD genotype of the angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE) I/D variation contributes to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) risk in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remains controversial. Differences in study design, case and control definition, sample size and ethnicity may contribute to the discrepancies reported in association studies. We performed a case-control study to evaluate the association of the ACE I/D variation with ESRD risk in Chinese patients with T2DM receiving hemodialysis and analyzed the genotype-phenotype interaction. Unrelated Chinese patients (n = 432) were classified into the non-diabetic nephropathy (DN) control group (n = 222, duration of diabetes >10 years, no signs of renal involvement) and the DN-ESRD group (n = 210; ESRD due to T2DM, receiving hemodialysis). Polymerase chain reaction was used to genotype ACE I/D for all 432 subjects. The frequencies of the ID + DD genotypes were higher in the DN-ESRD group than non-DN control group (65.2 vs. 50.9 %; adjusted OR 1.98 (95 % CI, 1.31-3.00; P = 0.001). In the DN-ESRD group, the DD genotypic subgroup had significantly elevated HbA1c and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) compared to the II subgroup (both P ACE I/D variation may be associated with more elevated blood pressure and HbA1c, and therefore may predict the development, progression and severity of DN-ESRD in Chinese patients with T2DM undergoing hemodialysis.
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7、Age-dependent effect of high cholesterol diets on anxiety-like behavior in elevated plus maze test in rat

摘要:Abstract Background Cholesterol is an essential component of brain and nerve cells and is essential for maintaining the function of the nervous system. Epidemiological studies showed that patients suffering from anxiety disorders have higher serum cholesterol levels. In this study, we investigated the influence of high cholesterol diet on anxiety-like behavior in elevated plus maze in animal model and explored the relationship between cholesterol and anxiety-like behavior from the aspect of central neurochemical changes. Methods Young (3 weeks old) and adult (20 weeks old) rats were given a high cholesterol diet for 8 weeks. The anxiety-like behavior in elevated plus maze test and changes of central neurochemical implicated in anxiety were measured. Results In young rats, high cholesterol diet induced anxiolytic-like behavior, decreased serum corticosterone (CORT), increased hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), increased hippocampal mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) and decreased glucocorticoid receptor (GR). In adult rats, high cholesterol diet induced anxiety-like behavior and increase of serum CORT and decrease of hippocampal BDNF comparing with their respective control group that fed the regular diet. Discussion High cholesterol diet induced age-dependent effects on anxiety-like behavior and central neurochemical changes. High cholesterol diet might affect the central nervous system (CNS) function differently, and resulting in different behavior performance of anxiety in different age period.
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8、The correlation between body mass index and prostatic-related parameters in men 40 years or older in Zhengzhou

9、Associations of egg consumption with cardiovascular disease in a cohort study of 0.5 million Chinese adult

摘要:Objective : To examine the associations between egg consumption and cardiovascular disease (CVD), ischaemic heart disease (IHD), major coronary events (MCE), haemorrhagic stroke as well as ischaemic stroke.Methods : During 2004-2008, over 0.5 million adults aged 30-79 years were recruited from 10 diverse survey sites in China. Participants were asked about the frequency of egg consumption and were followed up via linkages to multiple registries and active investigation. Among 461 213 participants free of prior cancer, CVD and diabetes, a total of 83 977 CVD incident cases and 9985 CVD deaths were documented, as well as 5103 MCE. Stratified Cox regression was performed to yield adjusted hazard ratios for CVD endpoints associated with egg consumption.Results : At baseline, 13.1% of participants reported daily consumption (usual amount 0.76 egg/day) and 9.1% reported never or very rare consumption (usual amount 0.29 egg/day). Compared with non-consumers, daily egg consumption was associated with lower risk of CVD (HR 0.89, 95% CI 0.87 to 0.92). Corresponding multivariate-adjusted HRs (95% CI) for IHD, MCE, haemorrhagic stroke and ischaemic stroke were 0.88 (0.84 to 0.93), 0.86 (0.76 to 0.97), 0.74 (0.67 to 0.82) and 0.90 (0.85 to 0.95), respectively. There were significant dose-response relationships of egg consumption with morbidity of all CVD endpoints (P for linear trend Conclusion : Among Chinese adults, a moderate level of egg consumption (up to
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10、Dialogue with the ancients : 100 bronzes of the Shang, Zhou, and Han Dynasties : the Shen Zhai Collection 2018

11、Abdominal Paracentesis Drainage Does Not Increase Infection in Severe Acute Pancreatiti 2015

摘要:1 online resource Abstract : Goals: To demonstrate the relationship between abdominal paracentesis drainage (APD) and infectious complications in moderately severe acute pancreatitis (MSAP) or severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) patients. Background: The effectiveness of APD for SAP was demonstrated in our previous study. However, the relationship between APD and infectious complications has not been fully elucidated. Study: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 255 patients with MSAP or SAP. The patients were divided into 2 groups: patients with acute pancreatitis who underwent APD (group 1) and patients with acute pancreatitis who did not undergo APD (group 2). Four types of infectious complications were evaluated: bacteremia, infected necrosis, pneumonia, and sepsis. The pathogens responsible for infectious complications were analyzed. The need for percutaneous catheter drainage and mortality were also compared between the 2 groups. Results: A total of 255 patients were included with analogous baseline features. The rate of overall infectious complications in group 1 was 38.1%, which was lower than that in group 2 (52.7%, P =0.019). This difference was mainly based on infected necrosis (12.7% and 23.3% in groups 1 and 2, respectively, P =0.034). The microbial spectrum was similar in the 2 groups. Percutaneous catheter drainage was used less frequent in group 1 (18.3%) than in group 2 (31.8%, P =0.014). The infection-related mortality in groups 1 and 2 was 6.5% and 8.5%, respectively, and there was no significant difference ( P =0.457). Conclusion: Our results indicate that APD did not increase the infectious complications and infection-related mortality compared with the strategy without APD in patients with MSAP or SAP.
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12、Energy Technology 2016 : Carbon Dioxide Management and Other Technologie 2016

摘要:1 recurso en línea Topics on CO2 sequestration and reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from process engineering and materials for clean energy are covered. Papers addressing sustainable technologies in extractive metallurgy, materials processing and manufacturing industries with reduced energy consumption and CO2 emission are also included, as well as industrial energy efficient technologies including innovative ore beneficiation, smelting technologies, recycling and waste heat recovery. The book also carries contributions from all areas of non-nuclear and non-traditional energy sources, including renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, biomass, etc. The book also emphasizes novel mineral beneficiation, processing, and extraction techniques leading to waste minimization of critical rare-earth materials used in energy systems (e.g., magnets, display and lighting devices).
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13、Design of Light Addressable Potentiometric Sensors' Detecting System

摘要:A detecting system aiming to Light Addressable Potentiometric Sensors is proposed. By means of this system not only the sensitive signal data can been measured and stored real time, but also the system configuration can be set and query via the friendly User Interface. History data can be reviewed conveniently using database technology.
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14、A study on an early Neolithic site in North China

摘要:tr. 169-173. These are few sites about 10 000 BP in the early Neolithic period in North China; among these, the Donghulin site is the only one which included the remains of peoples' use of fire (hearth pits), stone implements, pottery objects, and human tombs. The excavation of the Donghulin site in 2001 provides very important information for research on people and culture in the early Neolithic period in North China. The finding of Donghulin Man has filled the gap in our knowledge of human development since the period of the "Upper Cave Man" (30 000a BP) in North China. It is also important for research on people-land relationships.Na severu Kitajske je nekaj zgodnjeneolitskih najdišč iz časa okoli 10 000 BP. Med njimi je najdišče Donghulin edino, kjer so našli ostanke človekove uporabe ognja (jame za ognjišča), kamnito orodje, keramiko in človeške grobove. Izkopavanja najdišča Donghulin leta 2001 so dala pomembne podatke o ljudeh in kulturi v zgodnjem neolitiku na severu Kitajske. Najdba človeka Donghulin je zapolnila našo vrzel v poznavanju razvoja človeka od časa "Upper Cave Man" (30 000a BP) na severnem Kitajskem. Najdišče je pomembno tudi za raziskovanje povezave med človekom in pokrajino.
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15、Mirroring China's Past: Emperors, Scholars, and their Bronzes 2018/3/6

摘要:A lavishly illustrated book that offers an in-depth look at the cultural practices surrounding the tradition of collecting ancient bronzes in China during the 18th and 19th centuries In ancient China (2000–221 b.c.) elaborate bronze vessels were used for rituals involving cooking, drinking, and serving food. This fascinating book not only examines the cultural practices surrounding these objects in their original context, but it also provides the first in-depth study tracing the tradition of collecting these bronzes in China. Essays by international experts delve into the concerns of the specialized culture that developed around the vessels and the significant influence this culture, with its emphasis on the concept of antiquity, had on broader Chinese society. While focusing especially on bronze collections of the 18th and 19th centuries, this wide-ranging catalogue also touches on the ways in which contemporary artists continue to respond to the complex legacy of these objects. Packed with stunning photographs of exquisitely crafted vessels, Mirroring China’s Past is an enlightening investigation into how the role of ancient bronzes has evolved throughout Chinese history. About the Author Tao Wang is Pritzker Chair of Asian Art and curator of Chinese art at the Art Institute of Chicago.
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16、A communal catalogue reveals Earth’s multiscale microbial diversity

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17、Ink : the art of China 2012

摘要:199 pages : color illustrations ; 29 cm "Ink painting together with calligraphy, constitutes one of the foundation stones of Chinese civilisations. Its contemporary manifestations, diverse as they are and richly illustrated in this publication, therefore draw deeply from the classical canon. However the aesthetic legacy derived from the those of their literati predecessors has engendered a certain lofty detachment rom the opinion of the outside world, so the contemporary ink artists feel free to confront their central challenge - how to deploy this traditional medium and its derivatives in a way that is relevant and meaningful for the modern world. This major comprehensive study of the New Ink Art at the Saatchi Gallery is therefore exceptionally timely. It coincides not only with the growing awareness of its vital contribution to contemporary Chinese culture, but in particular to the current revival of interest in artistsic fundamentals."
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18、Prevalence and heritability of benign prostatic hyperplasia and LUTS in men aged 40 years or older in Zhengzhou rural area

摘要:Background: Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is the most common disease among aging males, but no reports have addressed the prevalence of BPH in Zhengzhou. Therefore, we aimed to understand the prevalence of BPH in men aged 40 years or older in Zhengzhou's rural areas through a cross-sectional study and analyzed the correlation with epidemiologic factors and the heritability of the disease.Materials and Methods: A multistage sampling method was used to randomly select male respondents in Zhengzhou's rural areas. Men who were 40 years of age or older and their first-degree relatives were subjected to the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and related examinations. Heritability was calculated according to the prevalence of the first-degree relatives in the case and control groups.Results: The prevalence of BPH was 10.04%. Its prevalence increased with age, from 2.17% in men aged 40-44 years to 31.11% in men aged 80 years or older. The average volume of the prostate was 17.16 ± 7.96 mL, and the average IPSS was 5.89 ± 5.91. The analysis of the correlation between the associated risk factors and BPH revealed that prostatitis and a history of prostatic hyperplasia were significant factors. Obesity, smoking, drinking, diabetes, and hypertension were not correlated with BPH. Of the 94 first-degree relatives of the cases, 53 had BPH (56.38%); of the 106 first-degree relatives of the controls, five had BPH (4.72%). Heritability appeared to account for 40.48% of BPH cases. The heritability of incomplete emptying, frequency, intermittency, urgency, weak stream, straining, and nocturia was 43.28, 71.37, 9.67, 5.67, 2.70, 53.36, and 19.12%, respectively.Conclusion: The total prevalence of BPH in men aged 40 years or older in Zhengzhou's rural areas was 10.04%, and the heritability of prostatic hyperplasia was 40.48%.
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19、Self-Rated Health Status and Risk of Ischemic Heart Disease in the China Kadoorie Biobank Study: A Population-Based Cohort Study 2017

摘要:1 online resource Abstract : Background: Self-rated health (SRH) is a strong predictor of mortality in different populations. However, the associations between SRH measures and risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD) have not been extensively explored, especially in a Chinese population. Methods and Results: More than 500 000 adults from 10 cities in China were followed from baseline (2004-2008) through December 31, 2013. Global and age-comparative SRH were reported from baseline questionnaires. Incident IHD cases were identified through links to well-established disease registry systems and the national health insurance system. During 3 423 542 person-years of follow-up, we identified 24 705 incident cases of IHD. In multivariable-adjusted models, both global and age-comparative SRH was significantly associated with incident IHD. Compared with excellent SRH, the hazard ratios for good, fair, and poor SRH were 1.02 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.98-1.07), 1.32 (95% CI, 1.27-1.37), and 1.76 (95% CI, 1.68-1.85), respectively. Compared with better age-comparative SRH, the hazard ratios for same and worse age-comparative SRH were 1.23 (95% CI, 1.19-1.27) and 1.78 (95% CI, 1.70-1.86), respectively. The associations persisted in all subgroup analyses, although they were slightly modified by study location, education, and income levels. Conclusions: A simple questionnaire for self-assessment of health status was significantly associated with incident IHD in Chinese adults. Individuals and healthcare providers can use SRH measures as a convenient tool for assessing future IHD risk.
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20、Neohesperidin suppresses osteoclast differentiation, bone resorption and ovariectomised-induced osteoporosis in mice 2017