共找到 54 条论著文献

1、近代中國外交的新世代觀點 2018/1

摘要:導言/茅海建 導論/廖敏淑 ■綜論:從外交史的根基重新思考 第一章 從英國外交領事檔案看北洋涉外史研究的可能方向/應俊豪 ■分論:從個案再探近代中國外交 *組織視角 第二章 中國新舊外交秩序遞嬗與職業外交官的誕生/廖敏淑 第三章 1921至1935年期間非政府組織國際慈善募款活動:以中國華洋義賑救災總會為例之研究/黃文德 *主權視角 第四章 中國海洋事務建設與南海主權的維護(1912-1937)/許峰源 第五章 歐戰時期中國的無約國外交:以新疆土耳其人案為例/陳立樵 *貿易視角 第六章 中外條約貿易組織的基礎、推廣與限(1842-1869)/張志雲 第七章 鴉片戰爭以來清廷新開口岸之議論與管理方針之轉變/侯彥伯 *人物視角 第八章 處叔季之世:晚清袁世凱外交思想的傳承與創新/呂慎華 第九章 被「大人物視角」遮蔽的北洋外交史:從胡惟德重看北洋外交與民國外交官的世代交替/任天豪 ■附錄 致唐教授的一封信/川島真
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2、Thirsty CitiesSocial Contracts and Public Goods Provision in China and India 2019/4/30

摘要:Why does authoritarian China provide a higher level of public goods than democratic India? Studies based on regime type have shown that the level of public goods provision is higher in democratic systems than in authoritarian forms of government. However, public goods provision in China and India contradicts these findings. Whether in terms of access to education, healthcare, public transportation, and basic necessities, such as drinking water and electricity, China does consistently better than India. This book argues that regime type does not determine public goods outcomes. Using empirical evidence from the Chinese and Indian municipal water sectors, the study explains and demonstrates how a social contract, an informal institution, influences formal institutional design, which in turn accounts for the variations in public goods provision. Compares public goods provided by China and India and argues that regime types do not determine public goods outcomes Proposes a new conceptual framework for understanding public goods provision through a detailed study of drinking water in Chinese and Indian cities Explores important policy issues for developing countries and gives insights into real-life policy implications for governments
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3、China's Exchange Rate Regime 2018/1/22

摘要:The imbalance between China’s currency, the RMB, and those of other countries is widely regarded as a major problem for the world economy. There was a reform of China’s exchange rate mechanism in 2005, following which the RMB appreciated 17% against the US dollar, but many people argue that further reform is still needed. This book reports on a major research project undertaken following the 2005 reform to assess the impact on China’s economy. It considers the impact in a number of areas of the economy, including export-oriented companies, the banking industry, international trade, international capital flows, and China’s macroeconomic policy. It concludes that the policies pursued so far have been correct, and that further reform, both to the exchange rate, and to the system overall, would be desirable, but that any reform should be gradual and incremental, preserving economic stability, and integrating changes with reform in other parts of the economy.
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4、Chinese Economists on Economic Reform – Collected Works of Chen Xiwen 2018/4/20

摘要:This book is part of a series which makes available to English-speaking audiences the work of the individual Chinese economists who were the architects of China’s economic reform. The series provides an inside view of China’s economic reform, revealing the thinking of the reformers themselves, unlike many other books on China’s economic reform which are written by outside observers. Chen Xiwen (1950-) has made major contributions to economic policy making on agricultural development and the rural economy. Although born in Shanghai he was one of the young people sent down to the countryside in the late 1960s to work in a production and construction corps. He has held a number of government and academic positions, notably director of the Rural Economy Research Department of the State Council and Vice President of the Development Research Centre of the State Council. The book is published in association with China Development Research Foundation, one of the leading economic and social think tanks in China, where many of the theoretical foundations and policy details of economic reform were formulated.
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5、Chinese Society and Politics 2018/6/19

摘要:Any consideration of China's cultural modernity must begin with a rethinking of traditional Chinese civilization in its orientation and the problems that it has to face in the modern age. This book examines how Confucian traditions have shaped modernity in East Asia. A leading sociologist, Ambrose Y. C. King discusses how China and East Asia developed a model of modern civilization distinct from the Western model of modernization which involves not only a process of deconstructing the cultural tradition but also a process of reconstructing it. He shows how the experience of modernization diverges within different Chinese societies, namely Hong Kong, Mainland China, and Taiwan. By highlighting the impact of Confucianism on the direction of modernity in Chinese societies, he argues that Confucianism contains the seeds of modernization and transformation and that in the right institutional settings these seeds could bear fruit to influence positively the course of development. The chapters of the book also explore Confucian networks and the development of capitalist economies, democratic governance, and moral education. The author focuses his analyses on how Confucian ideas and values underpinning the foundation of East Asian societies including social civility, political governance, the role of the family, individual self-cultivation, and moral regulation, matter to the modern social and political transformations of Chinese societies today.
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6、Stalin and MaoA Comparison of the Russian and Chinese Revolutions 2018/3/6

摘要:China’s ascent to the ranks of the world’s second largest economic power has given its revolution a better image than that of its Russian counterpart. Yet the two have a great deal in common. Indeed, the Chinese revolution was a carbon copy of its predecessor, until Mao became aware, not so much of the failures of the Russian model, but of its inability to adapt to an overcrowded third-world country. Yet, instead of correcting that model, Mao decided to go further and faster in the same direction. The aftershock of an earthquake may be weaker, but the Great Leap Forward of 1958 in China was far more destructive than the Great Turn of 1929 in the Soviet Union. It was conceived with an idealistic end but failed to take all the possibilities into account. China’s development only took off after—and thanks to—Mao’s death, once the country turned its back on the revolution. Lucien Bianco’s original comparative study highlights the similarities: the all-powerful bureaucracy; the over-exploitation of the peasantry, which triggered two of the worst famines of the 20th century; control over writers and artists; repression and labor camps. The comparison of Stalin and Mao that completes the picture, leads the author straight back to Lenin and he quotes the observation by a Chinese historian that, 「If at all possible, it is best to avoid revolutions altogether.」
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7、Urban China's Rural Fringe: Actors, Dimensions and Management Challenges 2016/4/5

摘要:Giulio Verdini, PhD in Economics, Urban and Regional Development, from the University of Ferrara, is Associate Professor in Urban Planning and Design and Co-Director of the Research Institute of Urbanisation at Xian Jiaotong-Liverpool University, People's Republic of China. Dr. Yiwen Wang, PhD in Architecture from the University of Nottingham, is Lecturer in Urban Planning and Design at Xian Jiaotong-Liverpool University, People's Republic of China. Dr. Xiaonan Zhang, PhD in Urban Geography at University of Salford, UK, is the former Head of the Department of Urban Planning and Design at Xian Jiaotong- Liverpool University, People's Republic of China.
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8、Reforming China's Healthcare System 2017/10/19

摘要:Although China’s new healthcare reform, launched in 2009, has achieved remarkable results in improving China’s medical and healthcare system, it is recognised that there is still room for further improvement. This is especially important as China’s population ages, the prevalence of chronic diseases increases and environment-related health risks worsen. This book reports on a major international research project which examined health trends, modes of health promotion, health finance systems, medical and healthcare innovations, and environment-related health risks in China. For each of these key areas, the book considers the current situation in China and likely future trends, explores best practice from a wide range of foreign countries and puts forward proposals for improvements. Overall, the book provides a major assessment of China’s medical and healthcare system and how it should be reformed.
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9、Competing Economic Paradigms in China: The Co-Evolution of Economic Events, Economic Theory and Economics Education, 1976–2016 2017/5/1

摘要:When the Chinese economic reforms began in 1978, Marxist economics infused all the institutions of economic theory in China, from academic departments and economics journals to government departments and economic think tanks. By the year 2000, neoclassical economics dominated these institutions and organised most economic discussion. This book explains how and why neoclassical economic theory replaced Marxist economic theory as the dominant economics paradigm in China. It rejects the idea that the rise of neoclassical theory was a triumph of reason over ideology, and instead, using a sociology of knowledge approach, links the rise of neoclassical economics to broad ideological currents and to the political-economic projects that key social groups inside and outside China wanted to enable. The book concludes with a discussion of the nature of economic theory and economics education in China today.
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10、Chinese Labour in the Global Economy:Capitalist Exploitation and Strategies of Resistance 2017/6/30

摘要:Chinese development is widely considered to be an example of successful developmental catch-up with double-digit growth rates year on year. Some even talk of an emerging power, which may in time replace the US as the global economy’s hegemon. And yet, there is a dark underside to this 『miracle』 in the form of workers』 long hours, low pay and lack of welfare benefits. Increasing levels of inequality have gone hand in hand with super exploitative working conditions. Nevertheless, Chinese workers have not simply accepted these conditions of super-exploitation; they have started to fight back. Set against the background of China’s integration into the global economy along uneven and combined development lines, this volume explores new forms of resistance by Chinese workers; be it through the state trade union All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU), or through informal labour NGOs. It also analyses the links between Chinese formal and informal labour organisations, with labour organisations outside China. This book was originally published as a special issue of the journal Globalizations.
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11、The Cold War in East Asia 2017/9/7

摘要:This textbook provides a survey of East Asian countries, including Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea, and Vietnam during the Cold War from 1945 to 1991. The narrative helps students form a better understanding of the origins and development of post-WWII East Asia; the persistence and flexibility of its culture and tradition when confronted by the West and the US; and how they intermesh to establish the nations that have entered the modern world. This textbook also includes pedagogical features designed to aid learning such as: Chapter summaries A chronology Maps, photographs, tables and figures Questions to test comprehension of main ideas and major events Key terms to highlight important peoples, locations, and concepts. A glossary Moving away from Euro-Americancentric approaches and illuminating the larger themes and patterns in the development of East Asian modernity, The Cold War in East Asia is an essential resources for courses on Asia's role in the Cold War, Modern East Asia and Cold war history.
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12、Four Seasons: A Ming Emperor and His Grand Secretaries in Sixteenth-Century China 2016/4/12

摘要:This important contribution to imperial Chinese history illuminates the basic concerns of the Ming state. Eminent scholar John W. Dardess shows in fascinating detail how Emperor Jiajing and his grand secretaries managed affairs of state and how personal ambition and policy differences combined to animate imperial political life. At the top sat Jiajing, industrious, religious, knowledgeable, ritually pious, but short-tempered and cruel. His chief assistants during his forty-six-year reign were his four successive grand secretaries. First was Zhang Fujing, a hard-minded bureaucratic fighter and ideologue, life coach to Jiajing during his youth. Then came Xia Yan, a superb technocrat who was executed for his part in a major policy dispute. He was followed by Yan Song, a colossally corrupt machine politician who knew how to please his ruler. Finally was Xu Jie, a liberal-minded reformer who put a benign edge on the regime’s final years. Drawing on a treasure trove of the grand secretaries』 personal writings, his narrative brings to life the inner workings of imperial governance, providing detailed descriptions of the challenging problems and crises faced by the largest polity on the face of the earth. Richly researched and engagingly written, this book will be essential reading for scholars and students of Ming China.
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13、Buddhism, Diplomacy, and Trade: The Realignment of India-China Relations, 600-1400 2015/9/11

摘要:Relations between China and India underwent a dramatic transformation from Buddhist-dominated to commerce-centered exchanges in the seventh to fifteenth centuries. The unfolding of this transformation, its causes, and wider ramifications are examined in this masterful analysis of the changing patterns of the interaction between the two most important cultural spheres in Asia. Tansen Sen offers a new perspective on Sino-Indian relations during the Tang dynasty (618–907), arguing that the period is notable not only for religious and diplomatic exchanges but also for the process through which China emerged as a center of Buddhist learning, practice, and pilgrimage. Before the seventh century, the Chinese clergy—given the spatial gap between the sacred Buddhist world of India and the peripheral China—suffered from a 「borderland complex.」 A close look at the evolving practice of relic veneration in China (at Famen Monastery in particular), the exposition of Mount Wutai as an abode of the bodhisattva Mañjuśrī, and the propagation of the idea of Maitreya’s descent in China, however, reveals that by the eighth century China had overcome its complex and successfully established a Buddhist realm within its borders. The emergence of China as a center of Buddhism had profound implications on religious interactions between the two countries and is cited by Sen as one of the main causes for the weakening of China’s spiritual attraction toward India. At the same time, the growth of indigenous Chinese Buddhist schools and teachings retrenched the need for doctrinal input from India. A detailed examination of the failure of Buddhist translations produced during the Song dynasty (960–1279), demonstrates that these developments were responsible for the unraveling of religious bonds between the two countries and the termination of the Buddhist phase of Sino-Indian relations. Sen proposes that changes in religious interactions were paralleled by changes in commercial exchanges. For most of the first millennium, trading activities between India and China were closely connected with and sustained through the transmission of Buddhist doctrines. The eleventh and twelfth centuries, however, witnessed dramatic changes in the patterns and structure of mercantile activity between the two countries. Secular bulk and luxury goods replaced Buddhist ritual items, maritime channels replaced the overland Silk Road as the most profitable conduits of commercial exchange, and many of the merchants involved were followers of Islam rather than Buddhism. Moreover, policies to encourage foreign trade instituted by the Chinese government and the Indian kingdoms contributed to the intensification of commercial activity between the two countries and transformed the China-India trading circuit into a key segment of cross-continental commerce.
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14、Xinjiang and the Modern Chinese State 2016/5/16

摘要:Xinjiang and the Modern Chinese State views modern Chinese political history from the perspective of Han officials who were tasked with governing Xinjiang. This region, inhabited by Uighurs, Kazaks, Hui, Mongols, Kirghiz, and Tajiks, is also the last significant "colony" of the former Qing empire to remain under continuous Chinese rule throughout the twentieth century. By foregrounding the responses of Chinese and other imperial elites to the growing threat of national determination across Eurasia, Justin Jacobs argues for a reconceptualization of the modern Chinese state as a "national empire." He shows how strategies of difference for administering this region in the late Qing, Republican, and Communist eras were molded by, and shaped in response to, the rival platforms of ethnic difference characterized by Soviet and other geopolitical competitors across Inner and East Asia. This riveting narrative tracks Xinjiang political history through the Bolshevik revolution, the warlord years, Chinese civil war, and the large-scale Han immigration in the People’s Republic of China, as well as the efforts of the exiled Xinjiang government in Taiwan after 1949 to claim the loyalties of Xinjiang refugees.
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15、清代咸豊以前の滇黔辺岸における川塩の運銷制度について 2016/3

16、The Evolution of Regional Uneven Development in Jiangsu Province Under China’s Growth-Oriented State Ideology 2016/2/1

摘要:This book explores and evaluates the evolution of regional (uneven) development in Jiangsu province in China, during the economic reform that began in the late 1970s and continues to the present day. Using detailed case studies, it clarifies and deciphers a number of fundamental ideological and institutional logics that have decisively shaped or guided China’s 30-year economic reform. The book provides an example of how the traditional struggles with the modern, how the domestic interacts with the global, and how the local/regional scale coordinates and conflicts with the central in the context of China’s economic reform. Taken together, it reveals how institutions, forces and actors interconnect and co-evolve in a dynamic and relational fashion within specific spatiotemporal horizons. Of particular interest in the research presented here is the way that the empirical material enables the four dimensions of territory, place, scale and network to be explored within the context of contemporary China. It is shown how the economic and social development of different territories and places within Jiangsu province is 『relationally intertwined』 with sets of political and economic forces operating at different scales and within wider networks. As such, this book provides a detailed understanding of the spatiotemporal dynamics of uneven regional development in China, and sets out a number of salient policy implications drawn from the research findings. less
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17、紅色新聞兵一個攝影記者密藏底片中的文化大革命 2018/7/1

摘要:李振盛文革時期在《黑龍江日報》擔任攝影記者,他用相機為一個時代留下記錄。私藏的十萬張底片,為我們直面動盪的十年提供寶貴的視覺資料。
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18、西藏問題民國政府的邊疆與民族政治(1928–1949) 2018/1/1

摘要:本書是中國邊疆研究領域具有開創性意義的重要專著,曾入圍2007 年國際亞洲學者研究大會(ICAS)人文類最佳圖書獎。在這部書中,林孝庭教授通過深入探討民國政府與西部邊陲地方政治勢力的互動關係,揭示了國民黨政權在對日抗戰前後與國共內戰期間等不同歷史階段,把原本幾乎不存在的中央政令與影響力,滲入包括西藏在內的中國西南與中亞內陸地區,逐步實現在這些地區的國家建構。 在作者看來,國民黨政府所謂的「邊疆」議題,並非全然是傳統上所認知的那種對一個中央政權不斷帶來侵擾的「邊患」議題,亦非完全是國民革命意識形態驅使下民族主義式的「族群政治」議題。相反的,一個本質上屬於地方性政權,政令與影響力皆有限,卻宣稱代表全中國的國民黨政權,面對近代西藏和其他邊疆地區的「主權」問題,靠的更多的是政治上與宣傳上的修辭,然而此種政治修辭流布如此之廣、影響如此之遠,對1949 年以後上至國家政策,下至普通民眾的一般觀念都產生了深刻的影響。這本書對今人理解過去和現在的漢藏關係,有著相當高的價值。
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19、Sustaining Economic Growth in Asia 2018/9/25

摘要:Economic growth, inflation, and interest rates have declined in Asia, just as they have in the United States and Europe. Sustaining Economic Growth in Asia explores the relevance to several Asian economies of the diagnosis known as 「secular stagnation.」 Leading experts on the region discuss the fiscal and monetary policy challenges of reviving growth without generating domestic financial imbalances. The essays on innovation, demographics, spillovers, and various policy proposals are accompanied by case studies focusing on Japan, South Korea, China, India, and Indonesia.
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20、Speaking of Profit: Bao Shichen and Reform in Nineteenth-Century China 2018/1/8

摘要:In the first half of the nineteenth century the Qing Empire faced a crisis. It was broadly perceived both inside and outside of government that the 「prosperous age」 of the eighteenth century was over. Bureaucratic corruption and malaise, population pressure and food shortages, ecological and infrastructural decay, domestic and frontier rebellion, adverse balances of trade, and, eventually, a previously inconceivable foreign threat from the West seemed to present hopelessly daunting challenges. This study uses the literati reformer Bao Shichen as a prism to understand contemporary perceptions of and proposed solutions to this general crisis. Though Bao only briefly and inconsequentially served in office himself, he was widely recognized as an expert on each of these matters, and his advice was regularly sought by reform-minded administrators. From examination of his thought on bureaucratic and fiscal restructuring, agricultural improvement, the grain tribute administration, the salt monopoly, monetary policy, and foreign relations, Bao emerges as a consistent advocate of the hard-nosed pursuit of material 「profit,」 in the interests not only of the rural populace but also of the Chinese state and nation, anticipating the arguments of 「self-strengthening」 reformers later in the century.
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