摘要：Buddhism provided legitimating ideas for political authority in Tibet from at least the eleventh century.1 The Ganden Potrang government of the Dalai Lamas, which administered central Tibet from the mid-seventeenth to the mid-twentieth centuries, explicitly promoted a concept of harmony between the religious and the political. However, what place did law occupy within this ideological scheme, and what were the practical links between religious and legal practices? In a book on The Legal Cosmology of Buddhist Tibet, French (1995, pp. 345-46) suggests that 「religion permeated the secular legal system in the form of Buddhist standards, logic, factoring, jurisprudential concepts, and reality shifts that moved argument into otherworldly reasoning」. Religion, in her account, dominated Tibetan attitudes to conflict, which they related to incorrect vision caused by one of the six root afflictions in Buddhist philosophy (1995, p. 73), leading them to interpret legal cases in terms of inner morality, afflicted mental views, and the true nature of reality (1995, p. 288).