摘要：A contrast is drawn between two parts of the Tibetan region to question common associations between justice and community. Coordination of agricultural activities and social relations in village Ladakh is a matter of moral, rather than legal, obligation; apparently rejecting practices of representative democracy, the villagers also resist the opportunity to spell out village norms in law-like terms. Communal ideas are, rather, based on a sense of harmony and consensus and even a concept of justice is elusive. Tribal relations in Amdo, by contrast, are based on ideas of reciprocity and revenge, underpinned by expression of anger, individualism, and defiance; meanwhile, practices of justice have been enshrined in written form. This contrast, within a region that shares language, history, and religion, points to an association between justice and practices of reciprocity within an unbounded moral domain.