共找到 568 条论著文献

1、Economics of aquaculture feeding practices in selected Asian countries 2008

摘要:This technical paper provides an analysis of the economic implications of, and the reasons for, adopting various feeding practices for different fish species and aquaculture systems in Asia. It comprises of six selected country case study reports from Asia (Bangladesh, China, India, the Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam) and an overall synthesis ending with conclusions and recommendations. Field survey for the case studies was carried out between 15 October 2005 and 14 February 2006 and three hundred and fourty Asian fish farmers were interviewed about their fish feeding practices. In India and China selected farmers were engaged in carp polyculture, in Bangladesh and Viet Nam they raised sutchi catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) and pangasiid catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus and Pangasius bocourti) respectively, in Thailand hybrid catfish (Clarias gariepinus x C. macrocephalus).^ In the Philippines those undertaking polyculture of giant freshwater prawn and milkfish participated. Prior to the random selection of farmers each national group of farmers had been stratified according to three broad categories of feeding practices. These were (i) use of industrially produced pelleted feed (intensive farmers), (ii) use of industrial and farm-made feed mixes (semi-intensive), and (iii) use of on-farm feeds consisting of a mixture of locally available feed ingredients (traditional/ extensive). The 340 respondents represent these three feeding categories in about equal proportions, and include 60 farmers by country with the exception of India in which 40 farmers were interviewed. After completion of the field survey and the preliminary analyses, the researchers involved in the case studies met to agree on methods and an outline for country reports.^ After agreeing on the methodology and outline of the country reports, the authors of the case studies, for each feeding strategy and farming system, analyzed demographic factors (including age and marital status, education and ownership structure), physical characteristics (average number of ponds and average pond size), and other input features (stocking strategies, feeding practices, types of feed, frequency and intensity of feeding and labour utilization). The case studies also identified the principal input costs, assessed the economic rates of return (gross and net margins), returns to labour, land and capital, gross and net total factor productivity, break-even prices and production and returns on capital for each feeding strategy. Problem areas were identified for the different farming systems.^ A statistical analysis using either regression analysis or the Cobb Douglas production function established the existence, or non-existence, for each feeding strategy of the relationships between aquaculture production and or profit as the dependent variable and a number of independent factors.
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2、Contract farming for inclusive market access 2013 - 2014

摘要:"...Contract farming is one such mechanism that has been widely discussed in world literature over the last few decades. It involves several aspects worthy of consideration: economic, institutional, social, legal, etc. The potential benefits of contracting for helping small farmers will depend, inter alia, on the product category and the requirements of the end market. Differences in potential benefits will also depend on country and local circumstances, including such factors as sector policy and availability of services. Against this backdrop, FAO’s book on contract farming for inclusive market access is a welcome addition to the body of knowledge on farmer to market linkages and on the roles of contracts in this regard. The book presents a range of cases covering different commodities and country contexts, competitively commissioned from researchers and development professionals worldwide, all of which illustrate the multifaceted nature of contracting as an agrifood chain coordination mechanism to promote inclusiveness and efficiency in supply chains. It also contributes to the treatment of conceptual issues in this general discussion and to the achievement of FAO’s Strategic Objective Four: Enable inclusive and efficient agricultural and food systems."--From foreword.
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3、Bloodlines: The Zhang Xiaogang Story 2017/6/6

摘要:The first major illustrated narrative on Zhang Xiaogang, China’s most prominent and influential contemporary painter. Written by Lü Peng, this book is both a biography of Zhang Xiaogang’s fascinating life story and an authoritative insider’s perspective of his most celebrated works. A luxuriously illustrated narrative over four decades, it provides an authentic and world-first contextual analysis of Zhang’s earliest years, family life, art studies, intellectual conflicts, European experiences, and his Bloodline work. About the Author Lü Peng is an international curator, critic, art historian, and author. He is the director of CHINART and the Chengdu MOCA and associate professor at the School of Arts and Humanities, China Academy of Art in Hangzhou. Bruce Doar has a PhD in Chinese studies, is a researcher, translator, editor, scholar, and writer affiliated with the Chinese Studies Centre of the University of Sydney. Rosa Maria Falvo is an independent writer and curator, as well as Skira’s International Commissions Editor, specializing in Asia-Pacific contemporary art.
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4、Qianlong et la prospérité du Grand Qing 2015/11/17

摘要:Empereur de Chine pendant soixante ans, de 1735 à 1795, Qianlong présente une personnalité aux multiples facettes, offrant des contrastes saisissants. Tantôt généreux et magnanime, tantôt brutal, voire cruel, tour à tour lettré confucéen, bouddhiste dévot, collectionneur d』art, poète ou grand conquérant, il demeure bien souvent une énigme. Mais Qianlong doit surtout sa célébrité à ses prodigieuses réalisations. Grâce à une politique sage et mesurée, alliée à d』impressionnantes campagnes militaires aux frontières, il garantit la paix et la stabilité intérieures durant de longues décennies, permettant un incroyable essor de l』agriculture, de l』artisanat, du commerce et des beaux-arts. Première puissance économique au monde, la Chine offre alors à ses habitants des conditions d』existence à faire pâlir d』envie la plupart des pays européens. Le prix du succès s』avère cependant lourd à payer : de cette prospérité sans équivalent, considérée par nombre d』historiens comme l』âge d』or de la civilisation chinoise, découle une formidable explosion démographique, source de graves menaces pour l』équilibre social. Parallèlement, sous l』effet des dépenses souvent exorbitantes de l』empereur, encore aggravées par les sombres agissements d』officiels corrompus, le trésor national s』épuise peu à peu. Sans en avoir conscience, l』empire des Qing vit ses dernières heures de gloire.
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5、The fascinating God :a challenge to modern Chinese theology presented by a text on the name of God written by a 17th century Chinese student of theology 1995

6、Respecting free, prior, and informed consent :practical guidance for governments, companies, NGOs, indigenous peoples and local communities in relation to land acquisition 2014

摘要:"Tenure and its governance are crucial elements in determining if and how people, communities and others are able to acquire rights to use and control land and other natural resources. Responsible governance of tenure promotes sustainable social and economic development that can help eradicate poverty and food insecurity and encourages responsible investments. Improving governance of tenure is the objective of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (Guidelines), which serve as a reference and set out principles and internationally accepted standards for responsible practices. Weak governance of land and natural resources, coupled with lack of secure tenure, in the context of rising global populations, increasing living standards, rising commodity prices, global trade and the use of food crops such as agro-fuels, are placing heavy pressure on farmlands and forests. Ill-regulated land acquisition has become a major problem especially in sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia, posing threats to food security, local livelihoods and sustainable natural resource management, and triggering land conflicts and human rights abuse. Particularly at risk are marginalized social groups, including indigenous peoples, other customary landowners, women, lower-caste people and ethnic minorities. Concern about the long-term social and environmental implications of accelerated land acquisition has grown, and international human rights and standard-setting bodies have begun to explore and apply new norms and procedures designed to help regulate this process. The aim is not to discourage investment and prevent the development of new farmlands, but rather to ensure that such expansion occurs in ways that respect rights, secure favourable and sustainable livelihoods, and divert pressure away from areas that are crucial to local livelihoods and have high conservation value."--pub. desc.
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7、Towards a smart development. A legal and economic enquiry into the perspectives of EU-China cooperation 2016/9/2

摘要:Union and China Towards Smart Development: Strategies and Instruments of Legal and Economic Cooperation」, aims at exploring, from the legal, institutional and economic perspectives, the new paths that are shaping the concept of smart development. The study, conducted following an interdisciplinary approach, starts from the analysis of some of the main layouts in the construction of new strategies of development in Europe, then moves to the reconstruction of the main strategies of cooperation between Europe and China in the framework of a more sustainable and smarter development, to terminate with a broad comparative analysis on the pillars of the system of rules promoting a more sustainable development and a study on the dynamics of circulation of legal models from Europe to China in this field. Marina Timoteo is full professor of Comparative Private Law, Asian Law and Law and Business in China at the University of Bologna. She is also the Director of the Confucius Institute at the University of Bologna and member of the Board of Directors of the same University. She is the coordinator of the FARB project of the University of Bologna 「European Union and China Towards Smart Development: Strategies and Instruments of Legal and Economic Cooperation」.
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8、Reconstructing agriculture in Afghanistan 2007

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9、Building resilience for peace and food security 2017

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10、Confucius;essai historique par un missionnaire 1874

11、China. In the name of law. A new global order 2016/2/3

摘要:For the first time ever in its history China will be ruled by law, as president Xi Jinping announced. It will be a dramatic departure from its traditions and a big leap forward in westernization—or not? Because China had its old legal tradition but was based on orders issued by the monarch not covenants agreed between common people, like in Rome motherland of the western judiciary.
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12、REVIEW:Insurgent sepoys : Europe views the revolt of 1857.

13、A Discussion of Alex Watson's The Self's Awareness of Itself With an addendum about the transmission of Dharmakīrti's Pramāṇaviniścaya.

14、The Materia Medica of Tibetan medicine according to practitioners from the Lower Mustang district in Nepal.

15、Rejoinder II : Madhva's unknown literary sources.

16、Language as a Sign of the Times in East Timor. Portuguese as a Language of Salvation in Politics and Religion.

17、How to Obtain Salvation through Language? : Bhartṛhari on Śabdapūrvayoga.

18、Some Thoughts on the Relation Between Linguistic Usage, Merit and Felicity in Ancient India.

19、The Arrival of the Indian Notion of Root into Western Linguistics. From Colebrooke (1805) to Benfey (1852).

20、Sull'aniconismo della più antica arte buddhista dell'India.