摘要："This study on the forging of Chinese communism in the furnace of the anti-Japanese war focuses on North China, where the Chinese Communist Party first took root and later expanded to conquer China. Whilst the explosive growth of the Chinese communist movement during the war years is a fact, the nature of this expansion remains disputed. Here the author examines a set of interrelated issues that have so far not received comprehensive treatment with regard to the main communist base areas of North China - regions where the CCP secured most of its recruits and where its policy programmes were most severely tested by Japanese military campaigns."--Jacket.
摘要：Renowned as the predominant farmers and landlords of Punjab, and long possessed of an autocthonous agricultural identity, Jat Sikhs today often live urban and diasporic lives. Rural Nostalgias and Transnational Dreams examines the formation of Jat Sikh identity amid diverse ideals and incursions of modernity, exploring the question of what it means to be Jat Sikh in the contemporary Indian city. Nicola Mooney describes a number of Jat Sikh social practices and narratives - education, professional development and employment, the making of appropriate marriage matches, and the discourse of progress - through which contemporary notions of identity are developed. She contextualizes these elements of Jat Sikh modernity against local, regional, and national histories of cultural and political differentiation, perceptions of marginality, and the expression of increasingly exclusive notions and practices of identity. Mooney argues that class practices incorporate urban Jat Sikhs into national and transnational communities, separating them from rural Jat Sikhs and confounding caste solidarities. Nevertheless, rural attachments remain important to urban identities. This is a unique ethnography that incorporates first-hand observations and local narratives to develop insights into the traditions and social memory of Jat Sikhs, as well as on the issues of urban and transnational social transformation.
摘要：The stories in the collection are largely about the tribulations faced by Punjabi immigrants living in Canada from the early 1970s onwards. Coming from a rural agricultural background in the Punjab to an urban industrialized center in one of the most advanced countries of the world, these migrants face numerous challenges as shown in these thirteen short fictional stories.
摘要：Re-Orienting China moves beyond the imperialist implications of the travel writing genre, and instead shows how travel writing can function as a genre of cultural translation. Addressing the transformation that results from interacting with Chinese otherness, Leilei Chen shows how being exposed to cultural difference may engender a genuine interest in the other and spark a rediscovery of self. With close readings of writings by Jan Wong, Jock T. Wilson, Peter Hessler, Leslie T. Chang, Hill Gates, and Yi-Fu Tuanall travellers to post-1949 Chinathe book acknowledges the separation between home and abroad but also looks for connections and commonalities. In the context of today's globalized world, Re-Orienting China embraces the possibility of productive engagement with Chinese otherness and imagines what balanced relationships across borders can look like.
摘要：China's Arctic Aspirations is the first book to address China's ever increasing interest in the Arctic, and in Canada's Far North in particular. It offers a holistic approach to the subject - covering resource development, shipping, scientific research, governance, and military strategy - to better understand both Chinese motivations and the potential impacts of a greater Chinese presence in the circumpolar region. The book draws on extensive research into published Chinese government documentation, secondary source analysis, business and media reports, and the existing academic literature.
About the Author
Whitney Lackenbauer is a professor of History at St. Jerome's University (University of Waterloo) who specializes in Arctic sovereignty and security issues, Aboriginal-state relations, circumpolar history, and modern Canadian military, diplomatic and political history. He is the editor of the multi-award-winning A Historical and Legal Study of Sovereignty in the Canadian North (UCalgary Press).
摘要：China’s rapid socio-economic transformation has generated extraordinary movements of people from rural areas to urban centres. At the peak of labour migration in the early 2000s, some 100 to 200 million people moved to cities in search of higher wages and better standards of living.
State of Exchange examines how – despite operating in a restrictive authoritarian environment – non-governmental organizations in China have increased dramatically as central and local states now permit migrant NGOs to deliver community services to workers in cities such as Beijing and Shanghai. Interacting with the layers and spaces of the Chinese state, NGOs conduct and scale up their programs, while the state engages with NGOs as a means to remain relevant and further legitimize its own interests. Jennifer Hsu uses a new conceptual framework to assess state–NGO relations and ultimately reveals how NGOs are navigating a complex web of government bodies, lending stability to, and forming mutually beneficial relationships with, the state.
As North Africa and the Middle East move into a new era of politics, the Chinese experience outlined in this book will serve as a blueprint for better understanding the best practices and lessons learned for state-society relationships at the central and local levels.
About the Author
Jennifer Y.J. Hsu is an assistant professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Alberta.
Table of Contents
List of Tables and Figures
1 Moving Towards a Spatial Framework
2 Understanding Non-Governmental Organizations in China
3 Symbolic Cooperation
4 Asymmetric Cooperation
5 Strategic Cooperation
6 Foray in Spaces New and Old
Appendix 1: Modes of Interaction and Engagement between NGOs and the State
Appendix 2: Methodology and Interview Schedule
Appendix 3: General Information about Different NGOs
"Jennifer Hsu’s rich ethnographic study of migrant-oriented non-governmental organizations in Beijing and Shanghai opens a doorway to understanding how Chinese NGOs negotiate the limited spaces provided to them by the government. State of Exchange should be a go-to text for anyone hoping to understand the complex relationship between the state and society in China."
--Timothy Hildebrandt, assistant professor of social policy and development, London School of Economics, and author of Social Organizations and the Authoritarian State in China
"In articulating the multifaceted ways that different layers of the state engage with NGOs in China, Jennifer Hsu has written a book that conveys the complex reality of state–NGO relations in an authoritarian state. It should be of great interest to scholars and NGO practitioners alike."
-- Shawn Shieh, director of development and operations, China Labour Bulletin
摘要：The Sino-Japanese War (1937-45) had a devastating impact on China's population. Braving bandits and disease, the China Convoy - a Quaker-sponsored humanitarian unit - provided medical relief in the unoccupied territory of "Free China." China Gadabouts examines the roles played by Western and Chinese nurses in the Convoy's humanitarian efforts from 1941 to 1951. Susan Armstrong-Reid explores how this work gave meaning to the women's lives, despite their hostile environment, while also addressing the contentious imperialist nature of humanitarian nursing and Quaker's global engagement. China Gadabouts illuminates the dilemmas, challenges, and opportunities presented by humanitarian work within a Western-based relief organization.
SUSAN ARMSTRONG-REID is adjunct professor in the Department of History at the University of Guelph.
摘要：In the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the region of Liangshan in southwest China was plagued by violence. Indigenous Nuosu peoples clashed with Han migrant communities, the Qing and Republican states, and local warlords. The first English-language history of Liangshan, A Frontier Made Lawless, challenges the view that ongoing violence was the result of population pressures, opium production, and the growth of local paramilitary groups. Instead, Joseph Lawson argues that the conflict resulted from the lack of a common framework for dealing with property disputes, compounded by the repeated destabilization of the region by turmoil elsewhere in China.
JOSEPH LAWSON is a lecturer in Chinese history at Newcastle University.
摘要：After Mao Zedong's Anti-Rightist Campaign of 1957-58, Chinese intellectuals were subjected to re-education by the state. In Banished to the Great Northern Wilderness, Ning Wang draws on labour camp archives and other newly uncovered Chinese-language sources, including an interview with a camp guard, to provide a remarkable look at the suffering and complex psychological world of intellectuals banished to China's remote north. Wang's use of grassroots sources challenges our perception of the intellectual as a renegade martyr - revealing how exiles often denounced one another and, for self-preservation, declared allegiance to the state.
摘要：For decades, the Chinese Rescue Home was a fixture of the landscape of Victoria, British Columbia. Originally a refuge for Chinese prostitutes and slave girls rescued from captivity, it became a residence and school where the Methodist Woman's Missionary Society attempted to reform Chinese and Japanese girls and women. They did this, in part, by teaching them domestic skills meant to ease their integration into Western society. This book offers the first in-depth history and analysis of this iconic institution from 1886 to 1923 and expands our understanding of the complex interplay between gender, race, and class in BC during this time.
摘要：The May Fourth Movement launched an era of turmoil and transformation in China, as Western ideas and Western-style education encroached on the Confucian traditions that lay at the foundation of Chinese society. The reverberations for Chinese culture and literature were profound. The Republican period (1919-1949) witnessed an outpouring of poetry in a form and style new to China, written in the common people's language baihua ( plain speech ).The New Poetry broke with the centuries-old tradition of classical poetry and its intricate forms. The Flowering of Modern Chinese Poetry presents English translations of over 250 poems by fifty poets, including a rich selection of poetry by women writers. The anthology provides a nuanced picture of the astonishingly rapid development of vernacular verse in China from its emergence during the May Fourth Movement, through the years of the Japanese invasion, to the Communist victory in the Civil War in 1949. Michel Hockx introduces the historical and literary contexts of the various schools of vernacular poetry that developed throughout the period: characterized as those of the pioneers, formalists, symbolists, soldiers and peasants poets, and Shanghai Poets of the late 1940s. Each selection of verse begins with a biographical sketch of the author's life and literary career, including their roles in the Civil War and the resistance to the Japanese occupation. Introducing English readers to master poets who are virtually unknown to Western audiences, this anthology presents a collection of verse written in an age of struggle that attests to the courage, sensitivity, and imagination of the Chinese people. The rise of China's modern poetry reflects the rise of modern China.
摘要：Paul Chiasson reveals the possibility that early Chinese settlers landed in Cape Breton long before Europeans.
From the very beginning of the European Age of Discovery, Cape Breton was considered unusual. The history of the area even includes early references to the island having once been the land of the Chinese. In 1497, at least a century before any attempt at European settlement in the region, the explorer John Cabot had referred to Cape Breton as the 「Island of Seven Cities.」
The indigenous people of the region, the Mi』kmaq, were the only aboriginal people of North America who had a written language when Europeans first arrived. This writing, clothing, and customs also suggested an early Chinese presence.
In Written in the Ruins, Chiasson investigates the ruins at Saint Peters in the southern part of the island, where evidence brought to light supports a theory that could answer all the questions raised by the island’s curious, unresolved history.
摘要：1898, Dawson City, Yukon. A man staggers out of the dusk to collapse at the feet of a startled Fiona MacGillivray, and gasps two words: "MacGillivray, Culloden." Fiona doesn't know the man and she would prefer not to find out why he linked her name with the "bloodiest of all battles." As handsome Corporal Richard Sterling of the NWMP searches for the murderer, Fiona's son Angus takes a job as a photographer's assistant, a new dancer almost causes a riot, and Fiona tells herself she is not at all bothered by the amount of attention Richard Sterling is paying to the pretty and charming photographer, Miss Eleanor Jennings.
摘要：Follows the lives of two Nova Scotian sisters who have to deal with their mother's suicide. Aileen, who is partially blind, travels to Dawson City, Yukon, where her fully blind sister, Mara, is supposedly living. Instead she finds Jason, Mara's angry son, with many stories to share.