摘要：A right of access to information (ATI) was introduced to China in 2007, creating uncertain hopes that freedom of information may flourish in this party-state with ingrained traditions of secrecy. This book is the first comprehensive assessment of the law and enforcement relating to Chinese citizens』 ATI right. It reviews the labyrinth of Chinese laws that bear on government information disclosure, and examines the judicial treatment of the ATI right based on a survey of over 400 representative lawsuits. It especially investigates the extent to which the ATI right has been protected - by laws in book and laws in action - to enable the citizenry to monitor and check the government. A wide range of materials, including statutory and other normative documents, court decisions, news reports and statistics, is meticulously collected and examined. An assessment methodology, which combines empirical study, legal realist observation and doctrinal analysis, is designed to accommodate the characteristics of China’s judicial system. This book not only contributes rich sources and fresh approaches to the research on freedom of information, but also sheds new light on the role of Chinese courts in affecting the outcomes of political reforms that respond to mounting social demands for government accountability.
摘要：How and how quickly Chinese hospitals have been growing and adopting international standards such JCI and HIMSS EMRAM to fuel their advancements are hardly known to the western world. Jilan Liu, as Primary Consultant of JCI and HIMSS Vice President & Chief Executive, Greater China presents a selection of case examples written by Chinese hospital CXOs with first hand experiences and insights into how the leading healthcare organizations in China.
The case examples include Chinese hospitals who have or are participating in JCI accreditation and HIMSS EMRAM staging with feature practices representing Chinese approaches to adopting international standards while accommodating the unique conditions of China, which may be a valuable source of information about the development and trends in Chinese health industry.
摘要：Drawing on expertise in art history, exhibition studies and cultural studies as well as politics and international relations, China in Australasia presents significant new perspectives on the role of art in the cultural diplomacy of the People’s Republic of China.
The book tells the forgotten story of the loan, exchange, and gifting of Chinese art, museum exhibitions—and the use of Chinese arts more broadly—in growing diplomatic relations with Australia and New Zealand, from 1949 to the present day. Its scope includes pre-modern, modern and contemporary sculpture, painting and peasant art, as well as ancient artefacts, performance arts and gardens. In considering the geopolitical connections opened by the arts, this book presents new insights into some of the ways in which China, often in conjunction with local supporters, sought to present itself to the people of Australia and New Zealand. It also considers how, for their part, New Zealanders and Australians worked to expand understandings of their powerful northern neighbour within changing political contexts.
The first of its kind, this book-length interdisciplinary study of Chinese soft diplomacy in Australasia will be invaluable to students and scholars of Chinese studies, cultural diplomacy, museum studies and art history.
摘要：During the period 1960-1972, particularly in East Asia, Cold War international politics saw significant change from a bipolar structure, centring on the United States and Soviet Union, to a more complicated situation. After the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962, Washington and Moscow accelerated the détente process, leading China to perceive a "collusion" of the two superpowers. Publically attacking its former ally while continuing to fight against the US, China rose as a symbol of multipolarization in international politics during the 1960s. Focusing on Japan’s policy towards China, Kanda examines what sort of perceptions of the international order Japanese leaders had and how they reacted to this changing international environment.
This books expands beyond the traditional Euro-centric view of the Cold War, emphasizing the significant role Japan played in Asia. It also provides insight into the foreign policy patterns of post-World War 2 Japanese diplomacy particularly in relation to China and the Soviet Union. It’s historical is based on thorough analysis of archival records from Japan, China, Taiwan, the US, the UK, Australia and the UN, as well as published diplomatic documents from France and Germany, and personal papers, diaries and memoirs of those involved.
摘要：Seismic changes in ideology and economic policy in China followed the death of Mao Zedong but one aspect of culture that has remained constant. The use of 『Model Workers』 in both a political and commercial context continues to thrive in China and although the messages they promote have largely changed, their continued use indicates the extent to which they are believed to be an effective form of persuasion. Model Workers were deployed at key points in China’s recent history and served to embody the Party’s vision of the ideal Chinese citizen as they attempted to reshape the nation following a, 『century of humiliation,』 a ruinous war with Japan and a divisive civil war.
摘要：The accelerated growth of the economies of Brazil, China, India and Russia illustrates that a significant change in the distribution of global economic power is under way, and this volume provides a succinct and comprehensive guide to this important group of nations.
The book seeks to highlight the main objectives and organizational features of the BRICS group including the driving forces behind its creation as well as those that currently hold it together. By analysing the BRICS significance and effectiveness in the international arena, the volume explains the group’s relative success despite the tensions and divergent interests in the bilateral relations of its members as well as their differences regarding their collective role in the changing international system. It then moves on to evaluate the future of the BRICS as a group examining its future challenges, arguing that by resisting institutionalisation and privileging flexiblity over binding arrangements, the group will continue to prosper.
This work will be essential reading for students of international organisations, emerging markets, the BRICS and international relations in general.
摘要：The book is one of the very few texts on international business with a focus on Asia. It discusses how Western business practices and strategies could be modified to suit diverse socio-cultural, political as well as the economic realities of Asia. In most Asian countries including China, Japan, Korea, India, and ASEAN countries, the market structure is shaped and regulated not only by market competition but also by government policy. The influence of government in business is significant. The book explains how the government influences business and how successful local and foreign companies are adapting to various government influences.
The book also includes many examples of localization strategies to suit the particular local needs of Asian consumers. Asian consumer attitudes and behaviors are often influenced not only by individual needs and wants but also by various groups such as family, peers, and reference groups that one wants to associate with. A deep understanding on how those groups influence Asian consumers would be important for marketing success. The book modifies the Western consumer behavior model in Asia, and discusses how firms can develop their market entry strategies in Asian markets, using many real examples. It also expands the Western strategy models such as Porter’s five forces model and the resource-based view of the firm with the Asian context.
The book also focuses on foreign subsidiaries operating in the Asian market as well as Asian firms and includes both prescriptive conceptual models and descriptive short cases to understand the business environment and successful business strategies in Asia. It’s a refreshing take on international business.
摘要：The history of Qing palace eunuchs is defined by a tension between the role eunuchs were meant to play and the life they intended to live. This study tells the story of how a complicated and much-maligned group of people struggled to insert a degree of agency into their lives. Rulers of the Qing dynasty were determined to ensure the eunuchs』 subservience and to limit their influence by imposing a management style based upon strict rules, corporal punishment, and collective responsibility. Few eunuchs wielded significant political power or lived in a lavish style during the Qing dynasty. Emasculation and employment in the palace placed eunuchs at the center of the empire, yet also subjected them to servile status and marginalization by society. Seeking more control over their lives, eunuchs serving the Qing repeatedly tested the boundaries of subservience to the emperor and the imperial court. This portrait of eunuch society reveals that Qing palace eunuchs operated within two parallel realms, one revolving around the emperor and the court by day and another among the eunuchs themselves by night where they recreated the social bonds―through drinking, gambling, and opium smoking―denied them by their palace service. Far from being the ideal servants, eunuchs proved to be a constant source of anxiety and labor challenges for the Qing court. For a long time eunuchs have simply been cast as villains in Chinese history. Inside the World of the Eunuch goes beyond this misleadingly one-dimensional depiction to show how eunuchs actually lived during the Qing dynasty.
摘要：For nearly one hundred years, Shanghai was an international treaty port in which the extraterritorial rights of foreign governments shaped both architecture and infrastructure, and it merits examination as one of the most complex and influential urban environments of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Improvised City illuminates the interplay between the city's commercial nature and the architectural forms and practices designed to manage it in Shanghai's three municipalities: the International Settlement, the French Concession, and the Chinese city.
This book probes the relationship between architecture and extraterritoriality in ways that challenge standard narratives of Shanghai's built environment, which are dominated by stylistic analyses of major landmarks. Instead, by considering a wider range of town halls, post offices, municipal offices, war memorials, water works, and consulates, Cole Roskam traces the cultural, economic, political, and spatial negotiations that shaped Shanghai's growth.
Improvised City repositions Shanghai within architectural and urban transformations that reshaped the world over the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It responds to growing academic interest in the history of modern and contemporary Chinese architecture and urbanism; the ongoing, shifting relationship between sovereignty and space; and the variegated forms of urban exceptionality—such as special economic zones, tax-free trading spheres, and commercial enclaves—that continue to shape cities.
摘要：The goddess Guanyin began in India as the bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara, originally a male deity. He gradually became indigenized as a female deity in China over the span of nearly a millennium. By the Ming (1358–1644) and Qing (1644–1911) periods, Guanyin had become the most popular female deity in China. In Becoming Guanyin, Yuhang Li examines how lay Buddhist women in late imperial China forged a connection with the subject of their devotion, arguing that women used their own bodies to echo that of Guanyin.
Li focuses on the power of material things to enable women to access religious experience and transcendence. In particular, she examines how secular Buddhist women expressed mimetic devotion and pursued religious salvation through creative depictions of Guanyin in different media such as painting and embroidery and through bodily portrayals of the deity using jewelry and dance. These material displays expressed a worldview that differed from yet fit within the Confucian patriarchal system. Attending to the fabrication and use of 「women’s things」 by secular women, Li offers new insight into the relationships between worshipped and worshipper in Buddhist practice. Combining empirical research with theoretical insights from both art history and Buddhist studies, Becoming Guanyin is a field-changing analysis that reveals the interplay among material culture, religion, and their gendered transformations.